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With the Law 2939/2001 and Presidential Decree No. 116 (Government Gazette A '81/5.3.2004), defined as follows:
 

  • Importers of vehicle producers organize alternative management systems and ensure that the delivery of the vehicle to a treatment facility or collection point does not entail any cost to the last holder and / or owner.
  • Take measures to eliminate abandonment.

  • It promotes reuse and recycling of components and materials.

The European Union End-of Life Vehicles (ELV) Directive

The End-of-Life Vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC) came into force on 21 October 2000 and Member States should have enacted legislation to comply with the Directive by 21 April 2002. The Directive will require EU Member States to:

  • Ensure that all ELVs are only treated by authorised dismantlers
  • Provide free take-back of all ELVs for new vehicles put on the market after 2002; from 2007 provide free take-back for all vehicles including those put on market before 2002
  • Restrict the use of heavy metals in vehicles from July 2003
  • Ensure that a minimum of 85% of vehicles are reused or recovered (including energy recovery) and at least 80% must be reused or recycled from 2006, increasing to a 95% reused or recovered (including energy recovery) and 85% reused or recycled by 2015

It also requires the 'de-pollution' of vehicles before being recycled. This involves extracting petrol, diesel, brake fluid, engine oil, antifreeze, batteries, airbags, mercury-bearing components and catalysts.

Improvements required

In a report reviewing industry performance during 2000 in the UK, the Automotive Consortium on Recycling and Disposal (ACORD) stated that the total recovery rate for vehicles scrapped in the UK is currently 80% (69% materials recycled and 11% parts reused). The report also outlined some of the areas that will require improvements in order to meet the 85% recycling rate by 2006. These include:

  • Increased plastics recovery through better separation processes
  • Development of applications/markets for recycled plastics
  • Increased recovery of fluids by more effective de-pollution
  • Improved tyre recovery processes
  • Initiation of other rubber recovery processes
  • Reduction of residual metallic content of shredder residue
  • Initiation of glass recovery processes
  • Development of energy recovery processes for automotive shredder residues (ASR)
  • Development post-shredder material recovery processes